Ireland Tour: The Archaeology of Éire
Tour Ireland and see the island of Skellig Michael, the Aran Islands, Rock of Cashel, Dingle Peninsula, Burren’s Megalithic Tombs, and Céide Fields.
with Dr. Enda O’Flaherty
June 12 – 27, 2020
Why Take this Tour?
Private tour of a project managed by the Institute of Field Research
Private tours of St. Doulagh’s Church, an Anglo-Norman castle and Martello Tower with the director of Grassroots Archaeology
Visit both of Ireland’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Skellig Michael and Brú Na Bóinne
Maximum 6 participants
This can be a private tour on your desired dates with a minimum of five friends
Day 1: Depart the USA.
Day 2: Arrive into Dublin. Dublin city tour.
Day 3: Kilkenny Castle. Jerpoint Abbey. Rock of Cashel.
Day 4: Cork City Gaol. Charles Star Fort.
Day 5: Skellig Michael Tour.
Day 6: Muckross Estate. Ross Island. Gallarus Oratory.
Day 7: Lough Gur Heritage Centre. Great Grange Stone Circle.
Day 8: The Burren. Kilfenora High Crosses. Poulnabrone Dolmen. Dysert O’Dea Castle.
Day 9: Kilmacduagh Monastery. Thoor Ballylee. Clonmacnoise. Galway city tour.
Day 10: Aran Islands: Inish Moore. Dun Aengus. Na Seacht dTeampaill.
Day 11: Clifden. Kylemore Abbey.
Day 12: Ceide Fields. Rathlacken Court Tomb. Carrowkeel Passage Tombs.
Day 13: Boyle Abbey. Carrowmore. Creevykeel Court Cairn.
Day 14: Kells. Bru Na Boinne (Newgrange). Private tour of Black Friary.
Day 15: Dublin city tour. Private tour of Grassroots Archaeology’s projects.
Day 16: Fly to the USA.
The Emerald Isle has a rich history dating back over 9,000 years, when Mesolithic hunter-gatherers migrated to the island. The various populations that have inhabited this territory have all left their imprint on the history of this fascinating country! Today Ireland is home to the greatest surviving concentration of field monuments in Europe. The wealth of sites found here, both archaeological and historical, iconic and off-the-beaten-track, truly allow you to step back in time. Enjoy Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Early Christian, Medieval, Early Modern and Modern sites!
Join Far Horizons and only 5 others to experience the rugged beauty of Ireland on this 16-day trip. Journey around the island, beginning and ending in bustling Dublin, staying in cozy local inns along the way. Wander the lush landscape and soak in the complex cultural heritage of this land while exploring megalithic passage tombs, cairns and stone circles as well as castles, churches and abbeys. Visit both of Ireland’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Skellig Michael and Brú Na Bóinne, as well as many sites currently on the tentative list!
Enda O’Flaherty received his BA (with honors) in Heritage Studies and a Post-Graduate Degree in Archaeology from the Galway Mayo Institute of Technology. He received his PhD from the National University of Ireland in Galway specializing in Landscape Archaeology and Cultural Landscapes of Historical Ireland. Dr. O’Flaherty has many years of experience conducting field research both in Ireland and abroad, examining the dynamic nature of human settlement and the significance of landscape to communities in the past. His particular area of interest is the karst landscape of the Burren where he conducted his doctoral research. Dr. O’Flaherty is a member of the Institute of Archaeologists of Ireland and of the Irish Post Medieval Archaeology Group among others. His knowledge of Ireland’s vast and intricate history and his gracious charm make him an ideal study leader and traveling companion.
(B) breakfast, (L) lunch, (D) dinner
Day 1: Depart the USA.
Day 2: Arrive into Dublin in the early morning. Relax at the hotel before meeting the group in the afternoon for a walking tour. The City of Dublin can trace its origin back more than 1,000 years, and for much of this time it has been Ireland’s principal city and the cultural, educational and industrial center of the island. Beginning in the 9th century, it became a Viking settlement, until, in 1171, the Anglo-Normans took control and Dublin became the capital of the English Lordship of Ireland and was peopled extensively with settlers from England and Wales. Take a short walk to Dublin Castle, which was the seat of British rule in Ireland until 1922. Though the current incarnation dates to the 18th century, there has been a castle on this site since 1204. Conclude the evening with a welcome dinner in a quaint pub. Overnight at the Harding Hotel in the heart of Dublin. (D)
Day 3: This morning’s drive takes us to Ireland’s finest medieval city, Kilkenny. Set high overlooking the city, magnificent Kilkenny Castle stands dramatically on a strategic height; it was initially constructed in the 12th-century to control a ford in the River Nore. In the 17th century, formal gardens were created and have recently been renovated with several fountains dominating the landscape. Move on to 12th-century Jerpoint Abbey, an outstanding example of Cistercian architecture. Jerpoint is notable for its stone carvings, including one at the tomb of Felix O’Dulany, Bishop of the Diocese of Ossory. The abbey flourished until the Dissolution of the Monasteries by the English King Henry VIII. Although deserted today, much of the remains are still relatively intact with its 15th-century crossing tower dominating the surrounding countryside. In the afternoon, continue west to see the imposing Rock of Cashel, one of Ireland’s most spectacular archaeological sites. Rising 300-feet from the surrounding plain, this was a symbol of power and the seat of kings and churchmen who ruled over the region for more than 1000 years. Fortification walls encircle a round tower, a 13th-century Gothic cathedral and Cormack’s Chapel, the finest 12th-century Romanesque chapel in Ireland. Continue to Cork, built on an island in the River Lee, and connected to the sea by the city’s harbor. Overnight for one night in the Imperial Hotel located in the heart of the city. (B/D)
Day 4: Begin the morning with a walk through Cork City Gaol. Now a museum, the lovely Victorian exterior hides the reality of life for the 19th century prisoners, many waiting to be shipped to Australia. The cells contain wax figures revealing the wretched conditions for the inmates. Then it’s on to Charles Fort, a star-shaped military fortress constructed between 1677 and 1682, during the reign of King Charles II. As one of the largest military forts in the country, it has played a role in some of the most significant events in Irish history. Overnight for two nights in The Victoria House Hotel in Killarney. (B/D)
Day 5: Travel by boat to the rocky island of Skellig Michael. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this ancient monastic complex has been resolutely gripping the steep sides of this islet since the 7th century. The bare, exposed topography and the austere structures on Skellig Michael illustrate the extremes of the Christian monastic existence adopted by the first Irish Christians. Time permitting, continue the day on Valentia Island and view Tetrapod imprints that date to Devonian times, some 350 to 370 million years ago. In the evening, return to Killarney with dinner on our own. NOTE: The boat crossing to Skellig Michael is dependent upon the weather, if rough seas prohibit the visit, alternative arrangements will be made. (B/L)
Day 6: Begin today at the Muckross Estate, built in 1839 for Henry Arthur Herbert and his wife, the water-colorist Mary Balfour Herbert. Wander through rooms furnished in period style that portray the elegant lifestyle of the 19th century landowning class. During the 1850s, the Herberts updated the estate gardens in preparation for a visit by Queen Victoria’s. Located within the park, Muckross Friary was established (or possibly re-founded) under the patronage of Donal ‘an Diamh’ MacCarthy around 1440. The first monastery was reputed to have been built here by Saint Fionan sometime in the 6th century. After exploring the extensive grounds and gardens of the estate, move on to Ross Island. Actually a peninsula, this site is an important copper extraction and smelting camp believed to be the source of the earliest known Irish Pre-Bronze Age metalwork. In the afternoon, drive west to the Dingle Peninsula, and observe Gallarus Oratory, a dry-stone chapel that was used for private worship. This church was constructed using building methods similar to those used in the Bronze Age burial chamber at Newgrange. Nearby, see Kilmalkedar, one of the most important ecclesiastical sites in the area. Overnight at Skellig Hotel in Dingle. (B/D)
Day 7: At the heart of a dramatic archaeological landscape, the enchanting lake of Lough Gur is surrounded by sites from every major period of human history in Ireland. Begin at the Lough Gur Heritage Centre, which lays out the area’s 6,000 year past. Not far is Grange Stone Circle, also known as The Lios, the largest standing stone circle in Ireland consisting of 113 standing monoliths. Due to its alignment with the sun on summer solstice, it is thought that the site had a ritual purpose. This evening, move on to Ennis and overnight for two nights at the Temple Gate Hotel, formerly a 19th century Convent of Mercy. (B/D)
Day 8: Today explore the stark and stony landscape of the Burren, where megalithic tombs and monuments that predate the pyramids can be found. Begin at the Burren Centre, which outlines the history of the area. Then see the surrounding sites, starting with Kilfenora Cathedral. Dating to the late 12th century, the structure now houses three of the five original high crosses in its nave. Next, on the edge of a craggy plateau, view the Baur South wedge tomb. This well-preserved construction was built with limestone slabs typical of the area and, uniquely, contains a chamber within a chamber. Move on to the Neolithic portal tomb of Poulnabrone Dolmen followed by the Parknabinnia Wedge Tombs. See Cahercommaun, the remains of a triple stone ringfort where one of the most impressive collections of Iron Age artifacts in Ireland was uncovered. Finally, conclude the day at the restored Dysert O’Dea Castle, noted as the site of an epic battle where, in 1318, the O’Dea clan defeated Richard de Clare and his English army and secured the area for Ireland for another 200 years. (B/D)
Day 9: Sited on the edge of the Burren and dominating the rural landscape, Kilmacduagh Monastery endured repeated plundering but went on to be one of the most important monasteries in the region until the Reformation. Within the complex is an eye catching round tower, which stands 112-feet tall and leans two feet out of perpendicular. The south chapel is believed to be the mortuary chapel of the historic O’Shaughnessy family. A highlight is the chancel with high quality sculptural details that are characteristic of a group of masons, known as the ‘School of the West’, who were working on ecclesiastical buildings in the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Next, visit Thoor Ballylee, a fine tower house that was once the home of the poet W. B. Yeats. Continue on to Clonmacnoise Monastery, founded in 544 by St. Ciarán. Its location made it a major hub for religion, scholarship and trade. Many of the high kings of Tara and Connacht were buried here. Finish the day by exploring Galway and overnight for two nights at the Hotel Meyrick. (B/D)
Day 10: Travel by ferry to Inis Mór, the largest of the three Aran Islands. Fascinating not only because Gaelic is still widely spoken here, but also because it boasts some of the best examples of Iron Age ring forts that can be found. Explore Dun Ducathair and the circular fortress of Dun Eoghanacht before seeing the massive fort of Dun Aengus. Perched precariously on the edge of a 200-foot cliff, this fortification is protected by two defensive walls, a third outer wall enclosing eleven acres, and is further surrounded by chevaux-de-frise: a barrier of sharp, stone stakes set upright in the ground to deter attack by enemies and still standing just as they were originally placed over three millennia ago. Continue on to Na Seacht dTeampaill, a monastic settlement dedicated to St. Brecan and dating to the 8th-century. (B/D)
Day 11: A scenic drive take us to Clifden, famous for its high quality wool tweeds. After a stop to shop, continue north towards Kylemore Castle built in the late 1800s by Mitchell Henry MP, a wealthy businessman and liberal politician. Today it is owned and run by the Benedictine community who have been in residence here since 1920, evacuees from Belgium during World War I, who converted the structure into an abbey and international school for girls. Enjoy the Victorian walled garden that lies outside. Overnight for one night in the Knockranny House Hotel in Westport. (B/D)
Day 12: Céide Fields is a truly unique archaeological discovery in an area mostly blanketed by peat bog. Hidden beneath the turf lies a prehistoric landscape of farms, settlements and tombs that, when taken together, make up the most extensive Stone Age settlement in the world. The creation and development of the Céide Fields can be dated back some five and a half thousand years and little by little these ancient features are being revealed as the peat is cut away for fuel, exposing a setting which has changed perceptions of our Stone Age ancestors. A short distance away is Rathlacken, a collection of Neolithic structures including a very well preserved three-chambered court tomb. Our final stop will be the Carrowkeel Megalithic Cemetery, a collection of passage tombs that predate the Giza Pyramids in Egypt. Overnight for two nights in the Coach House Hotel in Ballymote. Overshadowing this medieval market town are the remains of Ballymote Castle, built in 1500 for Richard de Burgo. (B/D)
Day 13: Our morning departure takes us to Boyle Abbey, founded in the 12th century under the patronage of the McDermott family. Today, only small parts of the cloister remain, as the Elizabethans converted it into barracks in 1592 and the Cromwellians besieged it in 1645. Despite its ruined state, the abbey continues to be an excellent example of Ireland’s early Cistercian foundations. Continue on to Sligo and see Neolithic sites including the Carrowmore Megalithic Cemetery, the largest group of megalithic tombs in Ireland as well as Creevykeel Court Cairn, one of the finest and best-preserved examples of a full-court tomb. (B/D)
Day 14: Long before the coming of Christianity, Kells was a royal residence associated with the legendary Conns Céadchatach (Conn of the Hundred Battles) and Cormac mac Airt. In 550, St. Columba, also known as St. Colmcille, established a religious settlement at Kells. The first church at Kells was completed by 814 and in 878 the relics of St. Columba were brought here. The most famous treasure created by the community of St. Columba is the Book of Kells, a highly ornate version of the four gospels in Latin. Today, the 9th-century abbey is noted for its round tower and five large Celtic crosses. Continue on to Brú na Bóinne, an archaeological complex including the sites of Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth. This UNESCO World Heritage site is Europe’s largest and most important concentration of prehistoric megalithic art. The various artistic and scientific developments. Return to Dublin and overnight for two nights at the Harding Hotel. Dinner is on our own to discover one of Dublin’s excellent restaurants. (B/L)
Day 15: Explore Dublin beginning at the nearby Christchurch Cathedral, the oldest medieval cathedral in the city and a place of pilgrimage for almost 1,000 years. Over the years, Christ Church has borne witness to many significant events including the crowning, in 1487, of Lambert Simnel as Edward VI, pretender to the throne of England. His claim to be Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick threatened the newly established reign of King Henry VII. Today, it houses the important Treasures of Christ Church, which features manuscripts and ancient artifacts as well as a spectacular exhibition of original 16th-century costumes from the historical series ‘The Tudors’. Continue on to the Trinity College Library to view the famous Book of Kells, containing the four Gospels in Latin based on the Vulgate text, which St Jerome completed in 384. Also, see the Book of Durrow, a medieval illuminated manuscript gospel book that predates the Book of Kells by over one hundred years. Enter the National Museum of Archaeology to see the interesting collection of artifacts on display. In the afternoon, enjoy a private tour of the current projects of Grassroots Archaeology, a local nonprofit organization. (B/D)
Day 16: Return to the USA. (B)
$9,295.00 (per person, double occupancy) includes group accommodations based on double occupancy, meals as noted in the itinerary, entry fees to sites named in itinerary and ground transportation as noted, and basic gratuities. Price is based upon the exchange rate for the Euro not going over 1.25. If the value of the Euro increases, the price of the trip may go up.
Single Supplement: $995.00. Should a roommate be requested and one not be available, the single supplement will be charged.
Cost Does Not Include: Round trip international flights; a donation as outlined below; all lunches; dinners as noted; all beverages; food not on regular menus; passport fees; airport departure taxes; laundry; excess baggage charges and other items of a personal nature.
Fuel Surcharges: Far Horizons must pass on price increases when additional fuel charges are levied.
Donation Checks: The cost of the trip does not include the separate donation check for $150.00. As a tour company that benefits from the historical, cultural and natural riches of our destinations, we have a policy of donating to scholars, archaeological and cultural projects, and museums in each of our destinations. This has created a bond with the academic community that allows you to gain an ‘insider’s view’ of work being done in each country. We ask that each participant write a check to the noteworthy project we designate. The donation amount is $150.00 per person and is made by check directly to the donation project. The donation is required as part of your registration and a donation project for this trip will be assigned shortly.
A deposit of $750.00 and the separate donation check for $150.00 are required along with your registration form. Final payment is due 120 days before departure. Upon receipt of your deposit and completed registration form, you will be sent a reading list and a tour bulletin containing travel information. Prior to the trip, we will send links to various websites of pertinent interest to the trip. Click here to download our Registration Form.
Cancellations received in writing at least 120 days before departure will result in an administrative fee of $450.00 per person. Cancellations received less than 120 days before departure will not receive a refund. If for any reason you are unable to complete the tour, we will not reimburse any fees. Registrants are strongly advised to buy travel insurance that includes trip cancellation protection.
Note About Itinerary Changes
Changes in our itinerary, accommodations, and transportation schedules may occur. A good book to read as well as a flexible attitude and a sense of humor are essential.
Nights will be spent in traditional coaching inns and elegant centuries-old country homes. Dining will be a special pleasure as we sample regional delicacies and share pub lunches with villagers. Hotels and pubs listed in the brochure might change; the ambiance will not.
Private Tours of Archaeological Sites
The private tours of archaeological sites and talks by specialists are scheduled in advance and include a donation to each. Specialists working at these sites are excited about showing their work to interested enthusiasts. However, please be aware that there may be times when the director or a member of the staff may not be onsite when our groups arrive due to other commitments
Travel in Ireland
This trip is moderately strenuous. We will be walking into and around sites extensively, at times over uneven terrain for a mile or more and will be on our feet for much of each day. Also, the walk to the sites on Skellig Michael requires climbing up hundreds of stairs on a steep incline. All participants are expected to be physically active and able to walk, unassisted, throughout our full touring days. Bellhops may not be available at all hotels and we will be responsible for our own luggage. A flexible attitude, team spirit and a good sense of humor are essential! If you have further questions about the strenuousness of the trip, please call us.
This Archaeological Tour to Ireland is Limited to 6 Participants